California Civil Jury Instructions (CACI) 3903

According to California Civil Jury Instructions (CACI) 3903, an item of economic damage includes:

  • 3903A. Medical Expenses—Past and Future
  • 3903B. Medical Monitoring—Toxic Exposure
  • 3903C. Past and Future Lost Earnings
  • 3903D. Lost Earning Capacity
  • 3903E. Loss of Ability to Provide Household Services
  • 3903F. Damage to Real Property
  • 3903G. Loss of Use of Real Property
  • 3903H. Damage to Annual Crop
  • 3903I. Damage to Perennial Crop
  • 3903J. Damage to Personal Property
  • 3903K. Loss or Destruction of Personal Property
  • 3903L. Damage to Personal Property Having Special Value (Civ. Code, § 3355)
  • 3903M. Loss of Use of Personal Property
  • 3903N. Lost Profits
  • 3903O. Injury to Pet—Costs of Treatment


Economic damages expert

Then comes Forensic economics, which is the scientific discipline that applies economic theories and methods to matters within a legal framework.

Forensic economics covers, but is not limited to:

  • The calculation of pecuniary damages in personal and commercial litigation.
  • The analysis of liability, such as the statistical analysis of discrimination, the analysis of market power in antitrust disputes, and fraud detection.
  • Other matters subject to legal reviews, such as public policy analysis, and business, property, and asset valuation.


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