California Civil Jury Instructions (CACI) 3903A.

According to California Civil Jury Instructions (CACI) 3903A, the Plaintiff must prove the reasonable cost of reasonably necessary medical care to recover damages for past medical expenses to recover damages for past medical expenses. For future medical expenses, the Plaintiff must prove the reasonable cost of reasonably necessary medical care treasonably certain to need in the future. 

Williams v. The Pep Boys Manny Moe & Jack of California

‘In tort actions, medical expenses fall generally into the category of economic damages, representing actual pecuniary loss caused by the defendant’s wrong.’ ‘A person who undergoes necessary medical treatment for tortiously caused injuries suffers an economic loss by taking on liability for the costs of treatment. Hence, any reasonable charges for treatment the injured person has paid or, having incurred, still owes the medical provider are recoverable as economic damages.’

Markow v. Rosner

“The jury in this case was properly instructed with CACI No. 3903A, which directs the jury to determine ‘the reasonable cost of reasonably necessary medical care thatis reasonably certain to need in the future.”

Howell v. Hamilton Meats & Provisions, Inc.

“[A] plaintiff may recover as economic damages no more than the reasonable value of the medical services received and is not entitled to recover the reasonable value if his or her actual loss was less. California decisions have focused on ‘reasonable value’ in the context of limiting recovery to reasonable
expenditures, not expanding recovery beyond the plaintiff’s actual loss or liability. To be recoverable, a medical expense must be both incurred and reasonable.”

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